Oak Wood Properties | Types of Oak, Uses, Pros, and Cons - Timber Blogger (2023)

Table of Contents

Oak Wood Properties

Oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus of the beech family. It is Grows in the Northern Hemisphere. There are more than 500 species of oak. The most common oak tree varieties are White Oak, Black Oak, red oak, Willow oak, and many. Some of these are deciduous oak and some are evergreen.

The properties of some of these species are similar to each other while some are different from each other. Oak Wood is well known for being strong, hard, heavy, and dense with close grains. Therefore it is a good choice to make furniture, cabinetry, and flooring. Some oak wood has great properties of workability, durability, water, and decay resistance.

The density of oak wood is about 0.75 g / cm3 (0.43 oz / cu in). Therefore Oak has great strength and hardness. oak wood is a versatile wood, it is used for many interior and exterior applications.

#Oak Properties
Scientific name:Quercus
Tree Size:40-45 meters
Janka Hardness:1,210 lbf (5,380 N) (Black Oak)
Workability:Great workability
Color:medium reddish-brown color (Black Oak)
Dried Weight:45 lbs / ft3 (715 kg / m3) (Black oak)

Oak Wood uses

  1. Commercial applications: Oak wood is very resistant to insect and fungal attacks, Because of its high tannin content. Therefore it is suitable for exterior applications such as fences, and siding. White oak is also widely used for the manufacture of outdoor furniture.
  2. Flooring: If you are looking for wooden flooring, then red oak(1,220 lbf (5,430 N)) and white oak(1,350 lbf (5,990 N)) can be the best option. Good Weight and high hardness reduce the risk of dents and scratches.
  3. Marine Application: White oak is highly durable and low maintenance wood. The grain is straight and close, with a coarse, uneven texture. Suitable for making boats and boat parts.
  4. Medicine: Northern red oak bark used for the treatment of diseases and wounds. While white oak is used in diarrhea, asthma, antiseptics, and hand washing. The oak bark has been used for many centuries as a medicine.
  5. Firewood: Not all oak is good firewood because they contain a lot of moisture(more than 20%) such as willow oak and others. White and Red oak trees are the best option for firewood. Both have 24 BTUs per cord value.
  6. Musical Drums: Japanese oak is known for the superior drum sound. Its higher density compared to traditional drum materials like maple and birch.
  7. Foods and homes: Oak also provides sanctuary and food for many small animals of the forest. Many animals depend on oak food. English oaks provide homes for many insects, which in turn provide a food source for birds. White oak and northern red oak provide food for mammals, squirrels, turkeys, and birds.

Types of Oak Trees

There are more than 500 species of oak. Some oaks species are famous because of their unique properties and some are rare.

All these species have their own properties and use. For example, some species of wood are considered better for firewood, flooring, and furniture. Some famous species of oak are as follows.

1. White Oak(Quercus Alba):

White oak is native to eastern and central North America and found in Minnesota. Its tree is about 65-85 ft (20-25 m) tall and 3-4 ft (1-1.2 m) trunk diameter. It has straight grains, with a coarse, uneven texture. It is used for flooring, boatbuilding, barrels, and veneer.

(Video) What Kind of Finish Should You Use? | WOOD FINISHING BASICS

The leaves of the White oak are funnel-shaped. It gives acorns once a year, which is about 2 cm (0.8 in) long.

2. Red Oak (Quercus Rubra):

Red oak is native to North America. Its tree is about 80–115 ft (25–35 m) tall and 3-6 ft (1-2 m) trunk diameter. It has straight grains, with coarse, and large open pores. Being open pores, it is bad water resistance. It is used for furniture, interior trim, flooring.

Red oak leaves are deeply situated to lob. The bark is dark brown and deeply fissured and acorns have a length of about 1 inch.

3. Black Oak (Quercus Velutina)

Black oak is native to eastern and central North America. Its tree is about 65–80 ft (20–25 m) tall and its trunk diameter is 3–5 ft (1–1.5 m). It has medium-to-large pores and fairly coarse grain. Black oak is used for Cabinetry, furniture, interior trim, and many applications.It has a light to medium reddish-brown color.

Leaves are alternate, simple, with 5–7 bristle-tipped lobes. They are 5–10 inches long, 3–8 inches wide.

4. Pin Oak (Quercus Palustris)

Pin Oak is also known as Swamp Spanish oak and is native to the Eastern United States. It is about 50–75 ft (15–23 m) tall, 2–4 ft (.6–1.2 m) trunk diameter. The grain is medium to large pores and fairly coarse.

Pin Oak is used for Cabinetry, furniture, interior trim, flooring, and veneer. The leaves of Pin oak are deeply situated near the center axis. The leaves are 15 cm (5.9 in) long. The flower and leaf sprout together.

5. Water Oak (Quercus Nigra)

Water Oak is native to the eastern and south-central United States. Its tree is about 50-80 ft (15-24 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter. It is medium-hard hardwood with a Janka hardness of 1,190 lbf (5,290 N).

Due to the great durability, workability, and natural beauty. It is used for flooring and cabinetry. Leaves alternate, simple and deciduous, and 3–12 cm (1–5 in) long and 2–6 cm (1–2–2 in) wide.

(Video) Don't Use Pallet Wood!! USE THIS INSTEAD...(Cull Wood Vs. Pallet Wood)

6. Bur Oak (Quercus Macrocarpa)

Bur Oak is also called Burr Oak, Mossycup Oak is native to eastern North America. Quercus Macrocarpa has the largest acorn of any North American oak. Its tree grows to a height of 98 feet (30 m), rarely 160 feet (50 m). The leaves are 2 3⁄4–6 in (7–15 cm) long and 2–5 in (5–13 cm) broad.

Due to its great durability, it may be the best option for flooring, fence posts, cabinets, and barrels. The acorns of Bur oak can be eaten boiled and raw.

7. Willow Oak (Quercus Phellos)

Oak Wood Properties | Types of Oak, Uses, Pros, and Cons - Timber Blogger (1)

Willow oak is native to the eastern and central United States. It is found in moist places, around rivers, and in ponds. The growth of young willow requires a high amount of moisture and nutrition.

Its tree is 65–100 ft (20–30 m) tall, and the trunk diameter is 3–5 ft (1–1.5 m). The Willow oak tree is suitable for ornamental trees and wood for pulp and paper production. Being large open pores, it does not have water resistance. Janka Hardness of willow oak tree is 1,460 lbf (6,490 N). Read Willow Oak vs Pin Oak | Which Oak is Best For Firewood?

8. Spanish Oak (Quercus Falcata)

Spanish oak is native to the southeastern United States. The southern red oak is deciduous, so the leaves die each Autumn and later return to the season. Their trees are about 35–40 meters tall and tree trunks up to 1.5 meters (5 feet) in diameter. The leaves are 10–30 cm (4–12 in) long and 6–16 cm (2 1⁄4–6 1⁄4 in) wide.

Spanish Oak is used for making floors, furniture, and construction materials.

9. English Oak (Quercus Robur)

English oak is native to most of Europe west of the Caucasus. Its tree length is 80–120 ft (24–37 m) tall and wood hardness is 1,120 lbf (4,980 N). It is straight grain, sometimes it is irregular, it depends on their growing conditions.

The color of English oak heartwood is light to medium brown and sapwood is nearly white to light brown. It is used to make flooring, boatbuilding, barrels, and veneer sheets.

10. Live Oak (Quercus Virginiana)

Live oak is native to the Southeastern United States. Its leaf is about 5 inches in length. The length of the live oak tree is 40–60 ft (12–18 m) tall, 4–6 ft (1.2–1.8 m) trunk diameter. The leaves of live oak are usually narrow to a long oval and are stiff.

(Video) Tasmanian Oak (eucalyptus spp.) - Mitch's World of Woods

It is famous for its great resistance to decay. Therefore it is the best option for making boats, barrels, and veneers.

11. Post Oak (Quercus Stellata)

The post oak is known as iron oak. It has a tree length of 10–15 m (33–49 ft) tall and a trunk 30–60 cm (12–24 in) in diameter, Which is shorter than other oak trees. It has medium-to-large pores and fairly coarse grain.

Its Janka hardness is 1,350 LBF (5,990 N), It is capable of growing on dry sites and is resistant to decay. Therefore it is used for making railroad ties, siding, planks, construction timbers, stair risers and treads, flooring, pulp, veneer, and particleboard.

12. Gambel Oak (Quercus Gambelii)

Gambel Oak is a deciduous small tree or large shrub. The length of a mature tree is 3–9 meters (10–30 ft) but sometimes it grows up to 18 meters (59 ft). Its leaves are usually 7–12 cm (3–4.5 in) long and 4–6 cm (1.5–2.5 in) wide.

The Gambel oak tree is a food source for squirrels, wild turkeys, black bears, and domestic animals such as hogs.

Oak Wood advantages and disadvantages

Oak Wood Advantages

  1. High Density: Oakwood has a density of about 0.75 g / cubic centimeter (0.43 oz / cu in), whereas pine wood has a density of about 0.43 g / cubic centimeter. High-density oak wood is made to be tough, fungal-resistant, and low maintained.
  2. The Durability: Oak is known for its durability. Long ago, oak was used for making shipbuilding. It was also very durable in water and moisture, later steel and other metals took their place.
  3. Great Workability: Generally Oak has straight-grained, So that it is easy to glue, and takes stain, and finishes very well. Easy to work with hand and machine tools.
  4. Availability: Oak is grown on a large scale. It is found almost all over Europe and Africa. Some species of oak grow very fast such as red oak and Nuttall oak. Their growth rate is 24 inches per year. Due to the good growth rate, its needs can be easily met.
  5. Good Water Resistant: Nothing made of wood is 100% waterproof, but some species of oak are good water-resistant. Which, even after exposure to water, remains durable for a long time. This is possible because of the closed grain of the oak or high density.
  6. Fire Resistance: The Coast Live Oak is a beautiful evergreen oak and native to California. It has good fire resistance properties.

Oak Wood Disadvantages

  1. Heavy Weight: Oak weighs more is more than other hardwood wood. Such as Black Oak (45 lbs / ft3 (715 kg / m3)), English Oak (42 lbs / ft3 (675 kg / m3)) and Red Oak (44 lbs / ft3 (700 kg / m3)). Due to being overweight, sometimes there is a problem in workability, and it is difficult to move if you want to reposition them.
  2. Dark over time: Oak changes its color over time, taking on more amber tones. So it can end up looking two-toned. Colors change when exposed to oxygen and UV light. This process happens very slowly. So sometimes it is difficult to find out the color difference.
  3. Tannic Acid: Another disadvantage of oak wood is that it contains tannic acid. Due to tannic, metals such as nails and screws may rust and the wood may discolor.

Oak as Firewood

Oak is hardwood and good for firewood. But all hardwood and oak wood is not a good choice for firewood. Red Oak and white oak is the best firewood wood because it produces high heat, burns clean and oak has great density.

Good density wood has great coaling properties and produces high heat. Red and white oak is very famous in the United States as firewood.

There are some reasons for using oak as the best firewood

It is hardwood and has a higher BTU value. British thermal unit (Btu) is a measure of the heat content of fuels or energy sources.

(Video) Timber Framing Tips: Choosing The Right Trees for Timbers

Easy to split, Red oak has a straight grain that splits well. While white oak can be a bit difficult to spill. Splitting wood with more knotty can be a bit difficult. Even if it is from red oak or any other species. The oak must be dry to be well spilled. For firewood, it is better to use properly dried wood for 3 or 4 years. On burning moist wood, there are sounds, and bubbles of water come out of it.

Oak Wood For Smoking

Oak Wood Properties | Types of Oak, Uses, Pros, and Cons - Timber Blogger (2)

Oak is a versatile wood that is also popular for smoking. It is widely used for meat smoking. Oak is so popular because they lend a really rich, dark color to meats. Which looks better as well as taste. It has a mid-range flavor and Post Oak has a slightly sweet flavor, which is very liked in Texas bbq.

If you are smoking beef, lamb, pork, and poultry, red oak is the best hardwood to use. Being hardwood it has been smoldering for a long time. Water oak is also good for smoking meat that lasts as long as 24 hours or more.

How is oak wood made or manufactured?

Making wood from trees is a process. Which starts with the cutting of trees, also known as felling. Chain saws powered by gasoline are used for felling.

The second process is Debarking, which is the process of removing bark from wood. The removed bark of oak is used to make medicine.

The third process is cutting and trimming. In this process, large logs are cut into many parts as lumber and waste parts are removed from the wood log.

Drying Process, Lumber contains a sufficient amount of moisture. The drying process is done to remove moisture. So that the wood can be made usable without any wrapping problem.

After the wood is dried, the process of planning is started. In this process, the wood is passed through the planers. Which makes the wood surface smooth.

(Video) How To Choose A Wood Finish, and How To Apply

Grade stamping is the last process. Grading is done according to the quality of the wood and determines its price on the basis of grade. For example, wood with more knots is given a lower grade and wood with fewer knots is given A, AB grade. Like FAS (First and Second) is the highest grade of hardwood lumber.


What are the pros and cons of live oak? ›

Pros: A taller upright growth habit reaching 80' to 100' and a sizeable crown spread. Decent fall color (depending weather). Cons: Some decay problems as it reaches maturity. Water oak (Quercus nigra) and laurel oak (Quercus hemisphaerica).

What are the pros about oak wood? ›

Oak is highly durable, easy to work with, and looks great stained or with a clear, natural finish. It's also one of the most efficient woods to burn due to the high BTU content. Oak wood comes in a number of hues, but its grain pattern is quite unique, which makes it one of the easier species to recognize.

What are the properties of oak material? ›

Properties and qualities

Oak wood is exceedingly strong, heavy and durable. It is an attractive light colour with a prominent grain and is resistant to fungal attack, thanks to its dense constitution and long-living nature, which must equip the tree for its long lifetime.

What are the best uses for oak? ›

What is Oak Best Used For? Oak is popular with all types of woodworkers because of its strength and aesthetic beauty. For thousands of years, it has been used for furniture making, cabinetry, home decoration and structural or architectural joinery.

Which oak is the most disease resistant? ›

“Post oak may be the most resistant while Lacey oak and bur oak are the least.” “Post oak tends to be the most resistant of the group while bur oak is the most sensitive… Whereas in the red oak group the disease may kill the tree in a few weeks, in the white oak group it may take several years.

What is the difference between a live oak and an oak? ›

One main difference between a live oak and a run-of-the-mill oak is that a live oak is evergreen — almost. It does drop some leaves in the spring but quickly replaces them to keep that photosynthesis thing going. That gives them a dense canopy so they work well as shade trees.

What are the cons of a live oak tree? ›

Additionally, these trees are strong and hardy and often survive hurricane winds. However, live oaks are messy: their leaves are small and thus hard to rake, and the Spanish moss that they often host drops huge clumps of dead moss every so often.

What are the disadvantages of red oak? ›

Cons of Red Oak

Red oak is a medium Janka hardwood, which means that while it won't scratch easily, it can dent more easily than harder varieties. If you're looking for a durable wood that can stand up to heavy use, you should consider a harder option, like white oak or hickory.

Is oak the most durable wood? ›

Both Oak and Maple floors are considered among the most durable wood floors and can last for generations. Maple is among the harder wood species, with a 1450 rating on the Janka wood hardness chart. As one of the densest wood species, Maple is ideal for high-traffic areas.

Is oak High quality wood? ›

Compared to other wood species, oak is quite dense, making it strong, heavy and durable. Oak is also remarkably water, insect and fungi resistant.

What are the 5 properties of wood? ›

The mechanical properties of wood include strength in tension and compression (as measured in axial and transverse directions), shear, cleavage, hardness, static bending, and shock (impact bending and toughness).

What are 4 properties of wood? ›

The main physical properties of wood include color, luster, texture, macro-structure, odor, moisture, shrinkage, internal stresses, swelling, cracking, warping, density, sound – electro – thermal conductivity.

Does oak have medicinal properties? ›

The bark of the oak has much importance and is used extensively in medicine as an antiseptic and hemostatic, used to cure toothache and gastropathies, and also used as pacifying agents in inflammation and as healing agents in burn [34, 37, 38].

How long does oak take to age? ›

Unassisted/ Natural Drying

Left to its own devices, oak will dry naturally at a rate of 1 year for each inch (25 mm) of thickness. This will result in a shrinkage of about 4.5% radially (across the grain of the wood) and about 0.15% along its length.

Does oak wood attract bugs? ›

Not all types of oak are termite-resistant, but white oak is. It is also widely available and durable enough to use for flooring, making it a popular choice. Black oak and red oak, on the other hand, are known to attract termites.

What are five benefits of oak trees? ›

Temperature moderation • Groundwater recharge • Stormwater runoff control • Water Pollution reduction • Air pollution reduction • Carbon sequestration Page 30 How can we provide a clear, fair strategy for identifying the benefits of oak woodlands vs.

What type of oak lives longest? ›

Did you know: The oldest living oak tree is a coastal live oak known as the Pechanga great oak near Temecula, California, believed to be at least 2000 years old! A typical oak tree starts producing acorns at around 20 to 40 years old, peaking in productivity around 80-120 years.

What oak tree is living to 400 years old? ›

The Angel Oak tree is estimated at 300-400 years old. The Angel Oak Tree (named after the Angel family who originally owned the property) is a specimen of live oak (quercus virginiana) that is a native species found throughout the coastal Carolinas. The tree is massive!

Which oak is rot resistant? ›

Depending on species, white oaks are rated as resistant or very resistant to moderately resistant to decay. True white oak and bur oak are considered durable, and the wood has had specific applications because of this attribute.

Do oak trees live for 1000 years? ›

Oak may live for 1,000 years, although 600 may be more typical on many sites. All oak are classed as ancient from 400 years onwards, although many will have ancient characteristics from around 300 years. Typically a veteran oak is 150-300 years of age and a notable oak is 150-200 years old.

What is the oldest live oak in the US? ›

Virentes, which includes the southern live oak (Quercus virginiana), the first species so named, and an icon of the Old South. According to the Live Oak Society the oldest southern live oak is believed to be the Seven Sisters Oak located in Mandeville, Louisiana with an estimated age of 500–1,000 years.

How many years can a live oak live? ›

Oak Trees Are Majestic and Live Longer Than Humans Do

They have a life expectancy of 150-300 years, with some as old as 400 years.

What happens to an oak tree that has lived for 300 years? ›

Like all living things, trees go through a number of life stages. It is said that an oak tree takes 300 years to grow, 300 years to mature, and 300 years to die. It is in this slow decay and hollowing that you find one of our rarest habitats, home to some of our most endangered species.

Does oak wood rot easily? ›

Key point: Any of these woods, whether teak, oak, cypress, cedar or redwood, is not uniformly rot-resistant. The outer wood, called sapwood, often has minimal or non-existent rot-resistance properties. The darker heartwood has the good stuff in it – organic materials commonly referred to as extractives.

Do oak trees clean the air? ›

Oak trees improve air quality by storing carbon dioxide and exhaling oxygen through the process of photosynthesis. The leaves of an oak tree absorb airborne pollutants. It has been observed that one tree can absorb up to 10 lbs. of air pollution in a single year1 and oaks can live for up to 400 years.

What state has the most oak trees? ›

Which State Has the Most Oak Trees? Due to its diversity, Texas is home to more than half of the United States oak species, including those that thrive in both the wet Southeast and the arid Southwest.

Which oaks grow the fastest? ›

Also known as pin oak or red oak, the Nuttall oak is the fastest growing oak tree. In addition to providing a leafy canopy, it can give animals such as deer and squirrels a large supply of acorns each year.

What are the cons of white oak? ›

Downsides to White Oak Flooring

The high density gives the wood more durability, but makes it a bit harder to work with. Another example of a downside is that white oak is trendy, but red oak is still more common because there are more of them domestically and grow more quickly.

Why is Red Oak cheap? ›

Though flooring prices can fluctuate depending on width and grade, in general for any planks 5” or larger, White Oak is usually a bit more expensive. As Red Oak trees tend to be more abundant, the price of Red Oak flooring can actually be more affordable, so it may be well worth your while to consider choosing Red Oak.

Is oak water proof? ›

As a hardwood, oak has a high level of water resistance as its dense, non – porous texture resists water absorption, making it ideal for exterior uses without the need for waterproof chemicals being applied.

Does oak wood get harder with age? ›

In short, the aging of wood, unlike that of cheese, does not make it better. Nor does it improve its strength. It is still possible that old wood joists may in fact be significantly stronger than they were on the day they were installed, because wood does gain strength as it dries.

How long will oak Last untreated? ›

An untreated Oak beam, which is classed as 'durable', for example, will last 15-25 years depending on environmental conditions.

What is the hardest wood oak? ›

All hail the king of the hardwoods: Australian Buloke (sometimes called Bull-Oak) is the hardest hardwood in the world with a Janka rating of 5,060. That's quite a bit harder than some metals.

Are there different grades of oak? ›

Each grade has its own particular characteristics and appearance. Especially pertaining to Oak hardwood flooring, the 3 most commonly used grades are: Select, #1 Common, and #2 Common, which is also known as “Rustic” grade, or “Builder's” grade.

Which oak is best for firewood? ›

Types of Oaks that can be used for Firewood

Red oak is one of the most common varieties of oak used for firewood. Red oaks have a high density and a lower moisture content than other varieties, making them ideal for burning. They also produce a lot of heat, so they're perfect for use in a fireplace or wood stove.

What are three properties of timber? ›

Timber will dry down to the “equilibrium moisture content” of the surrounding environment. Moisture content influences strength properties, stiffness, hardness, abrasion resistance, machining properties, thermal conductivity, dimensional stability, resistance to decay and nail holding ability.

What is the most important physical properties of wood? ›

The wood physical properties characteristics mainly include its density, dry shrinkage coefficient elasticity, and strength, to name a few2, and they vary with tree species and life forms7. For example, conifers usually have lower density, while hardwood trees have higher density8.

What is the most important property of wood? ›

Density. One of the most important properties of wood is density. Each type of wood has a weight depending on the species and the climatic conditions where the tree has grown. The heavier the wood, the more concentration of fibers and the less space amongst them.

What are the six wood properties? ›

Properties of Timber and Wood.
  1. Color and Odor. Most trees are characterized by a typical color and odor. ...
  2. Specific Gravity. Wood is a very light material, its specific gravity being always less than 1 (that of water). ...
  3. Moisture Content. All woods are porous to some extent. ...
  4. Grain. ...
  5. Shrinkage and Swelling. ...
  6. Strength.

What are the 3 main types of wood? ›

The types of wood can be sorted in to three main categories – Softwood, Hardwood and Engineered Wood. Contrary to popular belief, Softwoods are not necessarily soft and neither are Hardwoods hard.

What are the 4 types of properties? ›

There are four basic properties: commutative, associative, distributive, and identity.

What is the healing power of oak? ›

Oak has a long history of use for respiratory conditions, such as cough and bronchitis. Relieving hemorrhoids. The oak bark also has hemostatic and anti-inflammatory actions, it can stop bleeding, disinfect, and reduce inflammation. Relieving skin inflammations.

Is oak good for kidney? ›

There are concerns that oak bark is unsafe for individuals with impaired kidney or liver function. As such, it should be avoided in these groups (17).

What medicine comes from the oak tree? ›

Oak bark is the bark from several types of oak trees. It is used to make medicine. Oak bark is used as a tea for diarrhea, colds, fever, cough, and bronchitis; for stimulating appetite; and for improving digestion.

Are oak trees high maintenance? ›

Oak trees are typically notorious for the little maintenance they require. With some trees, you have to regularly trim and prune to promote new growth. Proper pruning of younger oaks is an important step in promoting the growth and expansion of foliage for full canopies.

Is oak wood easy to maintain? ›

Low Maintenance – Thanks to its remarkable durability and resilient nature, oak doesn't require as much maintenance as some of the other types of solid woods used to make furniture. You'll need to clean and polish it every now and then, but nothing too serious.

Does oak need to be oiled? ›

There are no requirements to treat oak and you can leave it untreated. That said, for outside structures, treating with an Osmo Oil 4001 WR base coat will defend oak against damp, mildew, rot, blue stain, and wood-boring insects.

What is the best wood that lasts forever? ›

Cedar wood projects typically last more than 20 years without splitting, rotting, or warping. White oak and teak are also long lasting woods that are resistant to decay, twisting, cracking, or warping.

Does oak get harder with age? ›

In short, the aging of wood, unlike that of cheese, does not make it better. Nor does it improve its strength. It is still possible that old wood joists may in fact be significantly stronger than they were on the day they were installed, because wood does gain strength as it dries.

How big will an oak tree get in 10 years? ›

Grows 12'-15' over a 10 to 12 year period, reaching 80 feet or so. Fall color is brown to rich red. Superior shade tree. White Oak acorns are a preferred food source for many mammals and larger birds.

What is the average lifespan of an oak tree? ›

The life span of oaks varies according to the species of oak. The average life span is about 100 - 300 years, but particular species can live for shorter or longer times. The water oak (Quercus nigra​), native to the southeastern United States, lives for only 30 to 50 years and the laurel oak (Q.

Does oak need a lot of water? ›

Yes, oak trees are very thirsty! They can use up to 100 gallons (about 378.54 L) of water per day during the growing season. That is why it is important to make sure they have a consistent supply of water.

Does water damage oak wood? ›

Prolonged exposure to water can cause some terrible damage. Not only could your wood flooring get some horrible looking water stains, but overexposure to water may also cause you're the wood to warp.

Do oak trees need a lot of water? ›

Watering - Oak trees are very sensitive to over-watering. Native oaks usually do not require irrigation even during the dry California months. An oak tree should not be watered within its dripline and a sprinkler should never throw water against an oak's trunk.

Does oak create a lot of creosote? ›

Contrary to popular opinion, the hardwood's, like oak and poplar, created more creosote than the softwoods, like tamarack and pine. The reason for this is that if the softwoods are dry, they create a hotter, more intense fire. The draft created by the hotter fire moves the air up the chimney faster!

How long should oak age before burning? ›

Also, the type of wood you're using will determine how long you need to season it. For example, pine and other types of softwoods may only need 6 months to properly season, while hardwoods like oak require at least a year.

What wood will not rot in water? ›

Well-known domestic examples include cedar, redwood, old-growth cypress, mulberry, yew, osage orange, and black locust. Tropical wood examples include ipe, lignumvitae, purpleheart, and old-growth teak.


1. Don't Buy New Flooring Before You Check This Out!
(The Funny Carpenter)
2. Can you build with green lumber?
(Pure Living for Life)
3. FAQ: Should I Buy Pine Wood Furniture?
(DutchCrafters Amish Furniture)
4. Why Farmers Should Not Plant Silver Oak Trees - A Prominent Scientist Explains
(Rally For Rivers - Cauvery Calling)
5. How To Oil Treat Your Cutting Board & More....
(Cooking With Jack Show)
6. Our New (faux!) Wood Beams & Install
(Jenna Sue)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Rev. Leonie Wyman

Last Updated: 03/11/2023

Views: 5396

Rating: 4.9 / 5 (79 voted)

Reviews: 86% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Rev. Leonie Wyman

Birthday: 1993-07-01

Address: Suite 763 6272 Lang Bypass, New Xochitlport, VT 72704-3308

Phone: +22014484519944

Job: Banking Officer

Hobby: Sailing, Gaming, Basketball, Calligraphy, Mycology, Astronomy, Juggling

Introduction: My name is Rev. Leonie Wyman, I am a colorful, tasty, splendid, fair, witty, gorgeous, splendid person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.